An Evaluation of Safety Climate in Health Institutions from the Perspective of Intern Students in the Faculty of Health Sciences

Author/s: Yunus Emre Öztürk, Hilal Akman, Ramazan Kıraç

DOI: 10.12738/SM/2015.2.013

Year: 2015 Vol: 1 Number: 2

Abstract

This is an evaluation of safety climate in health institutions regarding the dimensions of management and healthcare staff from the perspective of intern students in the Faculty of Health Sciences. This study was implemented using the random-sampling method on 204 students who were interns at Selçuk University’s Faculty of Health Sciences. Of the 204 given questionnaires, only 200 of these were included in the study. Participants were first asked to provide their demographic information. Afterwards the scale of So, Fang, and Lingard, developed for safetyclimate measurements and then adapted into Turkish, was given to the participants. There were 14 questions on the evaluation of health and safety relating to healthcare staff. These questions used the 5-point Likert scale (strongly disagree = 1 disagree = 2, neutral = 3 agree = 4, strongly agree = 5). For this study, the reliability of the scale tested at 95% using the SPSS 20.0 program package. According to reliability analysis for management, Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient was .88; for healthcare staff, safety climate’s Cronbach Alpha was .76%. The Cronbach Alpha for the scale’s general reliability was calculated at .89%. A significant difference was found between gender and general safety climate scores (p < .05). As a result of the statistical analysis, women were found to have a more positive safety climate perception in the workplace compared to men. Also, no significant difference was found between the average scores of participants in regard to marital status as compared to general safety climate perception (p > .05). The participants mainly expressed their thoughts on safety climate perception as “unsure.” When general safety climate perception was evaluated, a significant difference was observed (p < .05). While nursing interns had negative attitudes regarding safety climate, students from the Departments of Health Management, Social Services, and Midwifery showed unsure attitudes. The vast majority of the participants who were surveyed in the security climate questionnaire were “unsure” about the perception of safety climate.

Keywords
Safety culture, Safety climate, Occupational health and safety